Answer- Dalhousie had said that "Railways in India will find progress in the discovery of lost resources, industries, national property and social reforms." But in reality, the railway was developed for imperialist purposes, for example - to control the natural resources of India, to search for raw materials, to find markets for the UK's capital and consumer goods and to establish a rapid communication system for administrative control and the rapid movement of the army.
In India, a rare case was seen by the colonial state to guarantee compensation to private investors in the railway, as this guarantee was not met by the Railways, it was accomplished by public revenue, i.e., this burden of guarantee was put on the Indian farmer and the land economy. In this order, the Workman (Dispute) Act 1860 was passed and provision was made to impose fines and sent to Jail to the railway workers if they did not fulfill a specific task at the appointed time.
After 1870 different terms were set for different private companies, and the British state started buying some companies and by 1930 all these were purchased and thus the ownership and management of the railway reached the government.